Diamond is the best choice in any ornament as it goes well with any attire and occasion. It simply denotes luxury, status, and wealth as it is an expensive material made only with platinum or gold. Shopping for diamonds is overwhelming, and knowing the primary characteristics of the diamond will allow you to choose the right one. The factors to consider when purchasing a diamond online are mentioned below in detail.
4C’s of Diamond
The 4c’s of diamonds will introduce anybody to the basic shapes and fluorescence. Carat, colour, clarity and cut are the four Cs of diamonds.
Carat is not the size of a diamond, and most people get confused with this aspect. Diamond’s physical weight is measured in metric carat. When you shop for diamonds, you will see that it is listed in fractions of a carat. One carat equals 200 milligrams, and to be more precise, there are also the hundredth decimal places for every diamond stone. The carats are further subdivided to form a hundred points, and each point here equals one-hundredth of a carat.
Few diamonds are colourless, but most of them are shades of yellow and brown. The colour of a diamond is graded in a gem lab after a gemmologist mine them. The colours vary from D to Z, and D is considered colourless, whereas Z is light yellow. The colourless diamonds are the most valuable ones and therefore expensive too. So choose colours between D and I as these are the best grade of colours.
Diamonds are formed under the earth’s surface and hence contain blemishes or inclusions both internally and externally. Clarity is the type, position and number of imperfections in a diamond stone. It is graded on a scale with Loupe Clean to Pique. Loupe Clean contain no imperfection and is also known as flawless, from which it moves to various stages of Pique with inclusions as tiny to prominently more in number. The online store to buy diamond rings clearly state these specifications for the customer to choose them wisely.
The cut of a diamond stone refers to the angles they are cut to enhance its reflection into the light. They may be too deep, well-cut or shallow. The diamond stone with no precision while cutting looks dull and lifeless, whereas the high-quality cut angles and facets look bright and sparkle better. The brightness is the reflection of white light, whereas fire is the light scattering into colours of the rainbow, thereby scintillating to cause the sparkle. The three parameters in grading a cut are symmetry, proportion and polish. Accordingly, they are categorized into (EX)Excellent, (VG)Very Good, (G)Good and (F)Fair.
Shapes of Diamond
Diamond is available in various shapes. Round ones are priced high and are considered the most brilliant ones. The other fancy shapes are pear, heart, marquise, square, rectangular, etc. The online store to buy gold rings pays more attention to diamond shapes as they elevate the overall look of the ornament. Apart from the round brilliant cut diamonds, the fancy-shaped diamonds have varying degrees of brightness and scintillation.
Fluorescence in Diamond
Diamonds have a naturally faint blue glow in them as they are exposed to the sunlight. The fluorescence grades are slight, medium or firm, which also varies with the amount of light.
Keeping in mind all the facts mentioned above, it is also crucial to look into the metal purity of the diamonds. The most affordable ones are 14K and 18K gold, and these are widely preferred in recent times owing to their durability as they are sturdier and more robust than 22K gold.